Journal of Translational and Practical Medicine regularly publishes internationally qualified issues in the field of Medicine in the light of up-to-date information.

EndNote Style
Original Article
Frequency of night eating syndrome and its relationship with impulsivity in bariatric surgery candidates
Aims: Eating attitude disorders are more common in obese individuals compared to the normal population and cause resistance to treatment. In our study, it is aimed to determine the frequency of night eating syndrome, which is an eating disorder, and to reveal its relationship with impulsivity, which is a personality trait, in bariatric surgery candidates with severe obesity .
Methods: Between May 2022 and December 2022, 93 patients aged 18-65 years who were planned for bariatric surgery were applied to Balıkesir University Health Practice and Research Hospital General Surgery outpatient clinic, Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Barratt impulsivity scale (BIS-11), Night Eating Questionnaire (ADL) were applied.
Results: 69 (74.2%) of the participants were women. There was no significant difference between genders in terms of ADL scores (p=0.683). h Night eating syndrome was detected in one third of the patients. (N=31). Barratt -not planning and total scale scores of patients with an ADL score above 25 were found to be higher than those with an ADL score of 25 and below (p=0.010, p=0.044, respectively).
Conclusion: Considering that night eating syndrome is associated with one third of obesity and it is associated with impulsivity, addressing the impulsivity of individuals with overeating in cognitive behavioral therapy before the operation will contribute to the success of the treatment.

1. Sarwer DB, Heinberg LJ. A review of the psychosocial aspectsof clinically severe obesity and bariatric surgery. Am Psychol.2020;75(2):252-64.
2. Berberoğlu Z, HOCAOGLU C. The global health problem'obesity': a current review. Journal of Celal Bayar UniversityHealth Sciences Institute. 2021;8(3):543-52.
3. Stunkard AJ. Eating disorders and obesity. Psychiatr Clin NorthAm. 2011;34(4):765-71.
4. APA. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of MentalDisorders (DSM-5), 5th ed. 2013.
5. Küçükgöncü S, Beştepe E. Night eating syndrome in majordepression and anxiety disorders. Noro Psychiatrist Ass.2014;51(4):368-75.
6. Sfera A, Osorio C, Inderias LA, Parker V, Price AI, Cummings M.The obesity-impulsivity axis:potential metabolic interventions inchronic psychiatric patients. Front Psychiatry. 2017;8:20.
7. Thamotharan S, Lange K, Zale EL, Huffhines L, Fields S. Therole of impulsivity in pediatric obesity and weight status:a meta-analytic review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2013;33(2):253-62.
8. Erel Ö, Shadow ZB. The relationship between risky behaviors andchildhood abuse, impulsivity and risky behaviors in universitystudents. Anatolian J Psychiatry. 2015;16(3).
9. Booth C, Spronk D, Grol M, Fox E. Uncontrolled eating inadolescents:The role of impulsivity and automatic approach biasfor food. Appetite. 2018;120:636-43.
10. Turker SE. The role of impulsivity in the relationship betweenborderline personality disorder and eating attitudes. IşıkUniversity, 2017.
11. Wrzosek M, Sawicka A, Talalaj M, Wojnar M, Nowicka G.Impulsivity and vitamin D in bariatric surgery candidates.Pharmacologic Rep. 2018;70(4):688-93.
12. Allison KC, Wadden TA, Sarwer DB, et al. Night eating syndromeand binge eating disorder among persons seeking bariatricsurgery: prevalence and related features. Obesity (Silver Spring).2006;14 Suppl 2:77s-82s.
13. Manasse SM, Flack D, Dochat C, Zhang F, Butryn ML, FormanEM. Not so fast: the impact of impulsivity on weight loss varies bytreatment type. Appetite. 2017;113:193-9.
14. Allison KC, Lundgren JD, O'Reardon JP, et al. The night eatingquestionnaire (NEQ): psychometric properties of a measureof severity of the night eating syndrome. Eating Behaviors.2008;9(1):62-72.
15. Atasoy N, Saraçlı Ö, Konuk N, et al. The validity and reliabilitystudy of the Night Eating Questionnaire-Turkish Form in thepsychiatric outpatient population. 2013.
16. Patton JH, Stanford MS, Barratt ES. Factor structure of the Barrattimpulsiveness scale. J Clin Psychol. 1995;51(6):768-74.
17. Güleç H, Ok L, Turhan M, Karakuş G, Zengin M, Stanford MS.Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Barrattimpulsiveness scale-11. Bull Clin Psychopharmacol. 2008;18(4).
18. Lauti M, Kuaratna M, Hill AG, MacCormick AD. Weight regainfollowing sleeve gastrectomy-a systematic review. Obes Surg.2016;26(6):1326-34.
19. Baldofski S, Tigges W, Herbig B, et al. Nonnormative eatingbehavior and psychopathology in prebariatric patients withbinge-eating disorder and night eating syndrome. Surg Obes RelatDis. 2015;11(3):621-6.
20. Sevincer GM, Ince E, Taymur I, Konuk N. Night eatingsyndrome frequency in university students: association withimpulsivity, depression, and anxiety. Bull Clin Psychopharmacol.2016;26(3):238-47.
21. FLOOD HE. Effect of bariatric surgery on night eatingsyndrome:A retrospective study. Arch Clin Exp Med. 7(1):1-5.
22. Chang SH, Stoll CR, Song J, Varela JE, Eagon CJ, Colditz GA.The effectiveness and risks of bariatric surgery:an updatedsystematic review and meta-analysis, 2003-2012. JAMA Surg.2014;149(3):275-87.
23. Ünal Ş, Sevinçer GM, Maner AF. Weight regain after bariatricsurgery;night eating, emotional eating, eating anxiety, depressionand predicted by demographic characteristics. Turkish JPsychiatry. 2019.
24. Morrow J, Gluck M, Lorence M, Flancbaum L, Geliebter A. Nighteating status and influence on body weight, body image, hunger,and cortisol pre- and post- Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB)surgery. Eat Weight Disord. 2008;13(4):e96-9.
25. Velázquez-Sánchez C, Ferragud A, Moore CF, Everitt BJ, SabinoV, Cottone P. High trait impulsivity predicts food addiction-likebehavior in the rat. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2014;39(10):2463-72.
26. Murphy CM, Stojek MK, MacKillop J. Interrelationships amongimpulsive personality traits, food addiction, and body massindex. Appetite 2014;73:45-50.
27. Nederkoorn C, Jansen E, Mulkens S, Jansen A. Impulsivitypredicts treatment outcome in obese children. Behav Res The.2007;45(5):1071-5.
28. Epstein LH, Dearing KK, Temple JL, Cavanaugh MD. Foodreinforcement and impulsivity in overweight children and theirparents. Eat Behav. 2008;9(3):319-27.
29. Guerrieri R, Nederkoorn C, Jansen A. The interaction betweenimpulsivity and a varied food environment:its influence on foodintake and overweight. Int J Obes. 2008;32(4):708-14.
30. Sarısoy G, Atmaca A, Ecemiş G, Gümüş K, Pazvantoğlu O. Therelationship between impulsivity and impulsivity with bodyimage and self-esteem in obesity patients. Anatolian J Psychiatry.2013;14:53-61.
31. Ryden A, Sullivan M, Torgerson J, Karlsson J, Lindroos A, Taft C.A comparative controlled study of personality in severe obesity:a2-y follow-up after intervention. Int J Obesity. 2004;28(11):1485-93.
32. Arias Horcajadas F, Sánchez Romero S, Gorgojo Martínez JJ,Almódovar Ruiz F, Fernández Rojo S, Llorente Martin F. [Clinicaldifferences between morbid obese patients with and withoutbinge eating]. Actas Esp Psiquiatr. 2006;34(6):362-70.
33. Carrard I, Crépin C, Ceschi G, Golay A, Van der Linden M.Relations between pure dietary and dietary-negative affectsubtypes and impulsivity and reinforcement sensitivity in bingeeating individuals. Eat Behav. 2012;13(1):13-9.
34. Hernandez J, Cervoni C, Hymowitz G. The effects of impulsivityon food addiction and eating behaviors in a bariatric sample. SurgObes Related Dis. 2017;13(10):S93.
35. Saraçlı Ö, Atasoy N, Akdemir A, Güriz O, Konuk N, SevinçerGM, et al. The prevalence and clinical features of the nighteating syndrome in psychiatric out-patient population. ComprPsychiatry. 2015;57:79-84.
36. Patton JH, Stanford MS, Barratt ES. Factor structure of the Barrattimpulsiveness scale. J Clin Psychol. 1995;51(6):768-74.
37. Nasser JA, Gluck ME, Geliebter A. Impulsivity and test mealintake in obese binge eating women. Appetite 2004;43(3):303-7.
38. Nederkoorn C, Braet C, Van Eijs Y, Tanghe A, Jansen A. Whyobese children cannot resist food:the role of impulsivity. EatingBehaviors. 2006;7(4):315-22.
Volume 2, Issue 2, 2023
Page : 64-68